The neurological diseases of Alzheimer and Parkinson are both caused by damaged brain cells. This condition results in dementia, depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances. Psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations may also occur in both conditions.
The disease of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s may share certain causes and effects, but they are different. They have different effects on the brain and unique ways of progression.Both disorders have different consequences, different manifestations and progress at different rates.
Parkinson’s affects dopamine-causing brain cells, a significant chemical for the brain that involves the communication of nerve cells. Dopamine is released in substantia nigra, a basal ganglia structure located in the midbrain.this region is crucial for reward and movement. While cognitive problems with Parkinson can occur, they are generally more physical problems. These include tremors, changes in posture or changes in the patterns and expressions of the face may include these.
The brain circuit responsible for controlling rhythm and movement gets affected by Parkinson’s. This causes motor coordination problems especially related to initiating movement, consecutive movement, and slowness of movement. Parkinson’s development takes place in “Five Stages” over the years.
Although Parkinson has no “cure,” it is considered to be a highly treatable condition. Many Parkinson patients still lead productive, self-sufficient lives for several years with early diagnosis.
Does Parkinson’s Cause Dementia
The symptom of cognitive decline is common to both Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s does not always cause dementia because cognitive decline is less in Parkinson’s. Studies have shown around 50% of people with Parkinson’s develop cognitive impairment, ranging from mild forgetfulness to full-blown dementia.
Parkinson’s dementia occurs in the “subcortical” and Alzheimer’s dementia occurs in the “cortical” region of the brain. Therefore, the clinical symptoms of these two dementias are somewhat different.
Parkinson’s dementia can cause physical activity impairment and impact the motor skills, as per the experts. Two neurotransmitters, called dopamine and serotonin (chemicals produced by brain cells) are usually damaged by parkinson.
This form of dementia can also cause slow thinking and memory problems, as well as cause movement and coordination problems . However, this is less pronounced until the later stages of the disease.
Two types of brain protein-tangles (tau) and plaques (beta amyloid), builds up and kill brain cells in case of Alzheimer’s. Memory, clear thoughts, language skills, and orientation are affected by Alzheimer’s dementia. It reduces the ability to understand, learn and evaluate. The retention of new data and memory is affected more than motor skills.
To establish the best approach to treatment, it is important to distinguish between these neurodegenerative conditions. One condition medication can create problems if administered to a patient with the other condition administered.
No “cure” for either disease currently exists. Parkinson’s disease is however considered to be more treatable, particularly in early stages of the disease. Medicines, physical therapy and lifestyle changes like dietary changes are part of treatments. Research continues to indicate that both Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s can be prevented by a brain-healthy lifestyle. Here are some basic guidelines:
Following the above steps you can keep your mental health in check. By taking care of yourself first, you will be able to take care of your loved ones too.
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