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Diabetic and Don’t Know it? Signs that you cannot Ignore

Health is a very serious matter of concern especially in the current scenario where we are battling many unprecedented dangerous diseases. Amongst these dangerous diseases, Diabetes is the most talked disease across the world. Diabetes, also called Diabetes mellitus, is a chronic disease which is caused due to an increased amount of sugar in the blood. It occurs either due to the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. The hormone insulin regulates the level of sugar in the blood. Hyperglycaemia- raised blood sugar- is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time it leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.

According to WHO (World Health Organization), 8.5% of adults of age 18 and older had diabetes in 2014; in 2016, it became the direct cause of 1.6 million deaths. In 2019, around 463 million people were detected as diabetic across the world. Hence, it is very important to be aware of the disease especially its early symptoms to keep yourself in check.

 

Types of Diabetes

 

  • Type 1- it is insulin-dependent diabetes it is characterized by deficient insulin production and requires daily administration of insulin

The cause and means to prevent it are unknown

  • Type 2– is non-insulin-dependent diabetes that results from the body’s ineffective use of insulin.

Recently type 2, is seen to be on the rise not only in adults but also on an increasing rate amongst the children

  • Gestational diabetes is hyperglycemia with blood glucose values normal but below those diagnostics of diabetes. It occurs during pregnancy.

  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and Impaired fasting glycaemia (IFG) are intermediate conditions in the transition between normality and diabetes.

 

Here are some symptoms or early signs of diabetes to prevent and diagnose any health risks: *Most early signs could be so mild that they would go unnoticed*

 

  • Hunger and Fatigue-

the cells in our body require insulin to take in the glucose made by the body to produce energy. If the body doesn’t make enough insulin or if the cells resist the insulin in your body the cells fail to take the glucose and hence are unable to produce energy, which can make you hungrier and more tired than usual.

  • Excessive thirst and frequent urination-

increased amount of sugar in your bloodstream force the kidneys to work harder at filtering the extra sugar. This overloads the kidneys and causes you to excrete the excess sugar through urine. This can make you feel thirsty and dehydrated throughout the day. Continuous and excessive drinking of water leads to frequent urination.

  • Dry mouth and itchy skin-

as your body excretes all the excess fluids you drink, there is less moisture left as compared to usual. Thus, dehydration leads to dry mouth and dry skin which makes it itch.

  • Blurred vision-

the changing fluid levels in your body could make your eye lenses swell up which leads to changing shape and blurred sight.

  • Delayed Healing-

the high blood sugar levels lower the immunity of your body which leads to delay in the body’s healing process which is why cuts, scrapes and other wounds take a long time to heal when you are diabetic. Many people may also suffer from high blood pressure which causes the blood vessels to narrow due to slow circulation and therefore leading to slow down the healing process.

  • Numbness and Tingling in extremities-

the common signs of diabetes also include numbness and tingling sensations which is a form of nerve damage caused by the high blood sugar levels.

 

These indications of diabetic neuropathy if ignored can become severe and could lead to amputation.

 

In any of the above symptoms consult your doctor for earlier prevention

There is no cure available for Diabetes which is why on its early detection one can get regular treatment and watch their diet by taking simple lifestyle measures to prevent or delay the onset of further increase of risk. Early diagnosis can be accomplished by relatively inexpensive testing of blood sugar. Its treatment usually involves diet and physical activity along with the lowering of blood glucose and the levels of other known risk factors that damage blood vessels.

Wrapping Up

 

According to a Time of India report in 2016 with an estimate of 50 million people in India were suffering from type-2 diabetes (Malik, 2016). In current pandemic crisis along with the whole world, India has managed to put forth a lockdown system however, this has led to  drastic changes in the lifestyles of the people which have triggered weight gain enhancing the risk of type 2 diabetes in healthy people, according to a study conducted by (Thacker, 2020). Hence, now more than ever it has become extremely necessary for us to watch our health and to know thoroughly about the risks associated with such dangerous diseases like Diabetes.

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